Technical Architect


A technical architect is responsible for the design and build of technical architecture.

At this role level, you will:

  • undertake structured analysis of technical issues, translating this analysis into technical designs that describe a solution
  • be consulted about design and provide design patterns
  • identify deeper issues that need fixing
  • look for opportunities to collaborate and reuse components, communicating with both technical and non-technical stakeholders


Background Components

Description Background
Shows evidence of analytical ability and attention to detail. Has a basic understanding of information systems concepts and practice, particularly those used within own organisation concerning the systems development life cycle. Prior Knowledge and Skills

Work Activity Components

Title Details
Change programmes Supports a change programme or project through the preparation of technical plans and application of design principles that comply with enterprise and solution architecture standards (including security).
Documentation Documents all work using the appropriate standards, methods and tools, including prototyping tools where appropriate.
Design Produces outline design specifications for simple systems covering for example: objectives, scope, constraints (such as performance, resources etc.), hardware, network and software environments, main system functions and information flows, data load and implementation strategies, phasing of development, requirements not met, and alternatives considered.
Components design Designs components using appropriate modelling techniques following agreed architectures, design standards, patterns and methodology. Identifies and evaluates alternative design options and trade-offs.
Detailed design specification Produces detailed design specification to form the basis for construction of systems, including for example: physical data flows, class and sequence diagrams, database schemas, file layouts, common routines and utilities, program specifications or prototypes, and backup, recovery and restart procedures – ensuring designs are reviewed, verified and improved against specifications by peers or supervisor/manager.
Presentation of design Prototypes the behaviour of proposed systems components to enable approval by stakeholders.
Evaluation and selection Supports the identification and evaluation of alternative architectures and the trade-offs in cost, performance and scalability.


Knowledge/Skills Components

Title Depth Details Type
Analytical Thinking Acquiring a proper understanding of a problem or situation by breaking it down systematically into its component parts and identifying the relationships between these parts. Selecting the appropriate method/tool to resolve the problem and reflecting critically on the result, so that what is learnt is identified and assimilated. Behavioural Skills
Application Systems Aware of Technical or functional understanding of Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) applications and/or other bespoke software deployed within the organisation in order to provide system configuration, audit, technical, and/or functional support. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Application Development Tools Familiar with Software tools which automate or assist part of the development process. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Database Software Familiar with Software that enables the user to capture, create, populate and manipulate data structures and where appropriate unstructured data. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Networking and Communications Aware of The planning and management of the interaction between two or more networking systems, computers or other intelligent devices. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Corporate, Industry and Professional Standards Familiar with Applying standards, practices, codes, and assessment and certification programmes relevant to the IT industry, and the specific organisation or business domain. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Operational/Service Architecture Aware of Knowledge of the IT/IS infrastructure and the IT applications and service processes used within own organisation, including those associated with sustainability and efficiency. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Structured Reviews Familiar with Methods and techniques for structured reviews, including reviews of technical work products, test plans, business cases, architectures and any other key deliverables. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Business Environment Aware of The business environment relating to own sphere of work (own organisation and/or closely associated organisations, such as customers, suppliers, partners and competitors), in particular those aspects of the business that the specialism is to support (i.e. localised organisational awareness from a technical perspective). Technical Knowledge and Skills
IT Environment Familiar with The IT environment relating to own sphere of work (own organisation and/or closely associated organisations, such as customers, suppliers, partners), in particular own organisation’s technical platforms and those that interface to them through the specialism, including those in closely related organisations. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Middleware Aware of Software which forms part of the operating platform infrastructure. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Infrastructure Configuration Aware of Knowledge and understanding of infrastructure configurations. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Cloud/Virtualisation Aware of The principles and application of cloud/ virtualisation (including ownership, responsibilities and security implications). Use of tools and systems to manage virtualised environments. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Design Principles Familiar with Principles and practice of good sustainable, secure, maintainable and efficient system design. Together with standard industry design approaches. Understanding the importance of adhering to design principles during infrastructure development, taking into account all relevant non-functional requirements in order to assure smooth running of the service in live operation. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Development Approach Familiar with Understanding and application of different development approaches e.g. iterative/ incremental methodologies (Agile, XP, TDD, SCRUM) or traditional sequential methodologies (Waterfall or V-Model). Irrespective of development methodology a DevOps approach may also be taken where development and operational staff work collaboratively. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Proof of Concept and Prototyping Familiar with Performing a proof of concept or prototyping exercise to demonstrate or evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of applying a particular technological business change in order to meet a business need. Technical Knowledge and Skills
DevOps Aware of The collaborative approach consisting of agile practices, processes, and procedures designed to facilitate rapid IT service and product delivery. DevOps emphasizes people (and culture) and seeks to improve collaboration between development (Dev) and operations (Ops) teams with the aim of shortening the systems development life cycle to provide continuous release of high-quality software. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Agile Familiar with A collection of methods, practises, tools and techniques, underpinned by the Agile Manifesto, that enable teams to deliver high value products and services in small, workable, increments. An Agile culture typically encompasses concepts such as Servant-Leaders; ceremonies, Stand-Ups, Sprints and Retrospectives; and the deployment of tools and techniques such as Backlogs and A/B Testing. Technical Knowledge and Skills
Quality Management Aware of The system or method for the management of quality within the employing organisation’s Information Technology practices, including quality planning, assurance Other Knowledge and Skills

Training Activities

Training Components

Title Details
Program Design Methods and Programming or system development methods (e.g. structured program design).
Systems Analysis and Design Tools and Methods Tools and methods used in systems analysis and design, including a range of both textual and modelling tools used when appropriate to the context.
Systems Development Systems development, including development life cycles and methods, organisation interfaces, typical corporate application architectures, project and programme management, risk management and change control.
Agile Development Methods and techniques for evolutionary development of IT applications and service, typically making extensive use of modelling and progressive prototyping, involving the owners and end-users throughout.
Security Awareness Tools and techniques to help users and employees understand the role they play in helping to combat information security breaches and for IT and security professionals to prevent and mitigate risk.
User Interface Design Principles, practices, tools and techniques for user interface design and the creation of graphical user interfaces that make user interaction with systems, software, and applications as simple and efficient as possible.


PDA Components

Title Details
Deputising Standing in for supervisor or manager on a temporary basis during periods of absence.
Job Shadowing and Special Assignments Undertaking temporary periods or secondments in other roles, inside or outside IT, particularly those that offer a new perspective on own function or exposure to other environments and cultures.
Gaining Knowledge of Employing Organisation Gaining basic knowledge of the employing organisation, its business, structure, culture, policies, products/services, operations and terminology.
Gaining Knowledge of Surrounding Technical Areas Gaining knowledge of IT activities in employing organisation external to own function.
Research Assignments Exploring a topic which is not part of own normal responsibilities and presenting findings to colleagues and/or management
Involvement in Professional Body Activities Attending meetings, seminars and workshops organised by professional body and reading published material, such as journals and web content.
Team Working Undertaking learning and practice in the techniques of team and collaborative working. Gaining an understanding of the underlying concepts.
Communications Undertaking learning and practice in oral and written communications, including report writing and presentation.


Qualification Components

Title Awarding Body
BCS Practitioner Certificate in Systems Design BCS – The Chartered Institute for IT
TOGAF Certification Portfolio (4 certificates) The Open Group
Registered IT Technician (RITTech) BCS – The Chartered Institute for IT
FEDIP Practitioner FEDIP

Organisation Skills

Framework » Organisation
Category » Subcategory
Skill Name and Description Level
DDaT » Architecture Architecture – Communicating between the technical and non- technical (technical architect)

You can translate technical concepts relating to software engineering, delivery management and service management so they are understood by all.

2 – Working

You can speak on behalf of technical teams and facilitate relationships with indirect stakeholders.

DDaT » Architecture Architecture – Governance and assurance

You can understand technical governance. You can participate in or deliver the assurance of a service

2 – Working

You can understand how governance works and what governance is required. You can take responsibility for the assurance of a service and know what risks need to be managed.

DDaT » Architecture Architecture – Making and guiding decision

You can make and guide effective decisions, explaining clearly how the decision has been reached. You can understand and resolve technical disputes across varying levels of complexity and risk.

2 – Working

You can make decisions characterised by managed levels of risk and complexity and recommend decisions as risk and complexity increase. You can resolve technical disputes between wider peers and indirect stakeholders, considering all views and

DDaT » Architecture Architecture – Strategy

You can produce a strategy for technology that meets business needs. You can create, refine and challenge patterns, standards, policies, roadmaps and vision statements. For this skill, senior roles tend to be more proactive as they set the strategy, whereas junior roles tend to be more reactive, responding to the strategy.

2 – Working

You can apply strategy, using and challenging patterns, standards, policies, roadmaps and vision statements. You can provide guidance.

DDaT » Architecture Architecture – Turning business problems into technical design

You can work with business and technology stakeholders to translate business problems into technical designs. You can create optimal designs through iterative processes, aligning the system requirements and organisational objectives with the user

2 – Working

You can design systems characterised by managed levels of risk, manageable business and technical complexity, and meaningful impact. You can work with well-understood technology and identify appropriate patterns.

DDaT » Architecture Architecture – Understanding the whole context

You can look beyond the immediate technical problem and identify the wider implications. You can demonstrate knowledge of the relevant historical context and future impact. You can understand how current work fits in broader contexts and strategies. You can identify deeper underlying problems and

2 – Working

You can understand trends and practices outside your team and how these will impact your work. You can see how your work fits into the broader strategy and historical context. You can consider the patterns and interactions on a larger scale.

This job role profile was created in collaboration with BCS, using Role Model Plus. BCS is the professional body that has the responsibility of updating this job family.

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