Lead Frontend Developer


  • set direction and assure the quality of development across teams

  • lead multiple or highly complex services

  • contribute to the community, providing technical leadership, coaching and mentoring

  • promote knowledge sharing and adoption of good practice

  • be proficient in a wide range of technical systems and able to identify appropriate technology and approaches


Background Components

Description Background

Is expert in the theory and practice of user-centred systems development. Is expert in the principles and application of ergonomics to IT systems, products and services. Is able to guide others in the implementation of human-system interfaces and the use of relevant tools, standards and techniques. Is expert in presenting technical issues, processes and solutions, both orally and in writing.

Prior Knowledge and Skills

Work Activity Components

Title Details

Design, analysis and iterative development

Uses iterative approaches to rapidly incorporate user feedback into designs. Plans and drives user experience design activities providing expert advice and guidance to support adoption of agreed approaches.

Visual design and branding

Integrates required visual design and branding into the user experience design activities.

Cost benefit and risk analysis

Ensures cost benefit and risk analysis is undertaken to provide input to development plans to take account of human factors in design decisions, including failure/degradation and contingency arrangements.

Content publishing

Leads publishing activities and assignments, ensuring design of the overall structure and graphical style, as well as the publication processes, comply with agreed policies and strategies.

Web pages and sites

Evaluates the documentation aspects of new business prospects, and develops plans, budgets and tenders for documentation work. Designs the overall information structure and graphical style for substantial, complex or high-profile websites, taking into account the target audience(s) and the objectives of the customer organisation. Takes full responsibility for the design of the structure and appearance of advanced web pages based on briefs from, and consultation with clients/users, taking full account of their expectations.

Web tools

Uses appropriate tools to make finished content available on servers for all relevant channels. Specifies appropriate web server hardware and network connectivity for large sites. Selects, installs and configures web server software, taking into account performance, reliability and security considerations. Liaises with the relevant authorities for the registration of domain names when required.

Specification and procurement

Understands the range of publishing options available and advises on specification and procurement, taking account of the key costs and benefits of different channels and applying objective measures of effectiveness.

Web interfaces

Selects and uses appropriate tools and techniques to provide web interfaces to new and existing applications. Is able to advise clients/users and developers on technical matters relating to such interfaces.

Development needs

Supports the identification and prioritisation of development needs for a professional practice area. Identifies development activities that align with organisational priorities, learning and development strategies and career pathways.

Communities of practice

Provides advice, guidance and, where appropriate, support for the establishment and organisation of communities of practice.

Generative research

Determines the approaches to be used for encouraging user engagement in generative research in order to find opportunities for innovation in, and enhancement of, systems, products and

Involve, synthesise and inform

Synthesises findings, develops insights and presents findings to inform decision making and drive actions.

User-centred design

Moderates either one-to-one sessions or focus groups, guides discussions and builds rapport. Captures research data throughout sessions to ensure the recorded outcome is an accurate reflection of the session’s content to support user-centred design decision making.


Knowledge/Skills Components

Title Depth Details Type

Conceptual Thinking

Acquiring understanding and insights regarding the underlying issues in complex problems or situations through the development of abstract representations, the identification of patterns and the analysis of hypotheses.

Behavioural Skills

Planning and Organisation

Determining a course of action by breaking it down into smaller steps and by planning and resourcing each of these, making allowance for potential problems and escalating if necessary.

Behavioural Skills


Taking innovative approaches to problem solving and/or devising inventive and creative solutions.

Behavioural Skills

Attention to Detail

Applying specific quality standards to all tasks undertaken to ensure that deliverables are accurate and complete.

Behavioural Skills

Interacting with People

Establishing relationships, contributing to an open culture and maintaining contacts with people from a variety of backgrounds and disciplines. Effective, approachable and sensitive communicator in different communities and cultures. Ability to adapt style and approach to meet the needs of different audiences.

Behavioural Skills

Application Development Tools

Proficient in

Software tools which automate or assist part of the development process.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Database Software

Proficient in

Software that enables the user to capture, create, populate and manipulate data structures and where appropriate unstructured data.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Graphical User Interfaces (GUI)

Proficient in

Graphical human/computer interfaces that facilitate effective communication between human operator and computer.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Programming Languages

Proficient in

A set of codes and syntax (supported by software tools) that enables the unambiguous translation of specified functionality into source code for the creation of computer programs.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Corporate, Industry and Professional Standards

Proficient in

Applying standards, practices, codes, and assessment and certification programmes relevant to the IT industry, and the specific organisation or business domain.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Graphic Design

Expert in

The creation of graphical designs that are appealing to the viewer, appropriate to the material and the commissioning organisation and that project the desired ‘presence’.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Systems Ergonomics and Iterative Design

Expert in

Iterative methods and techniques to allocate and optimise the division of functions between the human, machine and organisational elements of IT systems and the functions themselves in terms of ergonomic impact. Systematic and iterative design of the physical and cognitive interfaces to create an effective user experience in a software system, product or service with attention paid to variety of locations and access devices employed by users.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Web Specifics

Expert in

Knowledge of web specific file extensions, Web 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 and other latest standards/ practices. Use of multimedia and Active-X controls. Understanding of the nature of browsers and how to design cross-browser layouts. Effective knowledge of metadata (e.g. tags, XML) and related aspects of Search Engine Optimization (SEO).

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Information Architecture

Proficient in

Methods, techniques and technologies for ingesting, securing, processing and using data and information within and beyond an organisation.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Information and Data Visualisation/ Presentation

Expert in

The ability to visualise and present information and data in an appropriate format that helps stakeholders understand the significance of the information and data.

Technical Knowledge and Skills

Data Handling

Proficient in

The ability to harvest, clean, curate, manage, process and manipulate data in a variety of formats.

Technical Knowledge and Skills


Proficient in

Relevant national and international legislation.

Other Knowledge and Skills

Techniques for Effective Meetings

Familiar with

Methods and techniques for running effective meetings and for understanding and influencing the roles played by participants.

Other Knowledge and Skills

Coaching Techniques

Familiar with

Methods and techniques for coaching individuals or groups by a balanced combination of support and direction, including use of virtual learning environments plus add-ons to augment feedback specific to work items, workflow or career plans.

Other Knowledge and Skills

Project Planning and Control Techniques

Familiar with

Methods and techniques associated with planning and monitoring progress of projects.

Other Knowledge and Skills

Organisational Brand and Culture

Proficient in

Knowledge and understanding of the brand image and personality of the organisation’s products and/or services and the overall culture and personality of the work

Other Knowledge and Skills

Training Activities

Training Components

Title Details

Data Management

Data management concepts, methods, tools and techniques relating to the planning, development, implementation, administration and curation of data.

Advanced Programming Methods and Techniques

Complex methods and techniques for the creation of program code. Typically for use in scientific calculation, for improving operational efficiency of programs or for enhancing the productivity of experienced programmers.

Own Organisation’s Systems, Products and Services

Understanding of the organisation’s systems, products and services to enable selling, support and development activities.


Concepts, methods and techniques for providing coaching in subject specialisms to individuals or groups (e.g. GROW model).


Methods and techniques for providing mentoring support to less experienced individuals.

Security Awareness

Tools and techniques to help users and employees understand the role they play in helping to combat information security breaches and for IT and security professionals to prevent and mitigate risk.


PDA Components

Title Details


Standing in for supervisor or manager on a temporary basis during periods of absence.

Job Shadowing and Special Assignments

Undertaking temporary periods or secondments in other roles, inside or outside IT, particularly those that offer a new perspective on own function or exposure to other environments and cultures.

Project Assignments

Participating in a project team, working group or task force established to deliver a solution to a specific problem or issue – especially valuable if the group is inter-disciplinary.


Acting as a mentor, advising those for whom there is no direct responsibility, on matters to do with their job role, career and professional development.

Research Assignments

Exploring a topic which is not part of own normal responsibilities and presenting findings to colleagues and/or management

Gaining Knowledge of Broader IT Issues

Increasing and maintaining currency of knowledge of broader IT issues through reading, attending and participating in seminars or conferences, special studies, temporary assignments etc.

Gaining Strategic Knowledge of Employing Organisation

Developing a comprehensive understanding of the business environment in which the employing organisation operates and its position, policies and direction in relation to industry, country and global issues.

Participation in Professional Body Affairs

Taking an active part in professional body affairs at branch, specialist group, committee or board level.

Negotiating and Influencing

Undertaking learning and practice of negotiating with and influencing others.


Qualification Components

Title Awarding Body

Chartered IT Professional (CITP)

BCS – The Chartered Institute for IT

UX Certified Specialist Level

UXQCC User Experience Quality Certification Center

CXA – Certified User Experience Analyst

Human Factors International

FEDIP Advanced Practitioner


Organisation Skills

Framework » Organisation
Category » Subcategory
Skill Name and Description Level

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Accessibility

You can create accessible user interfaces that put user needs first. You can test components and pages against accessibility standards.

4 – Expert

You can show a strong understanding of accessibility and be an advocate for users with accessibility needs. You can build user interfaces that meet a predefined set of standards. You can champion accessibility to internal and external stakeholders. You can offer design solutions to mitigate the risk of failing accessibility testing. You can recommend the best tools and methods to use when accessibility testing.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Communicating information

You can communicate effectively across organisational, technical and political boundaries. You can make complex and technical information and language simple and accessible for non-technical audiences. You can work effectively with others.

4 – Expert

You can mediate between people and mend relationships, communicating with stakeholders at all levels. You can manage stakeholder expectations and host or moderate discussions about high risk and complexity, even within constrained timescales. You can speak on behalf of and represent the community to large audiences inside and outside of government.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Community collaboration (frontend developer)

You can contribute to the work of others and can build, motivate and empower teams. You can create the right environment for teams to work in and can create the best team makeup depending on the situation. You can give and receive constructive feedback, enabling the feedback loop. You can recognise and deal with issues.

3 – Practitioner

You can work collaboratively in a group, actively networking with others. You can adapt feedback to ensure it’s effective and lasting. You can use your initiative to identify problems or issues in the team dynamic and rectify them. You can identify issues through Agile ‘health checks’ with the team and help to stimulate the right responses.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Leadership and guidance (frontend developer)

You can interpret a vision to lead on decisions. You create a collaborative environment and maintain a good service. You can understand and resolve technical disputes across varying levels of complexity and risk. You can solve issues and unblock problems.

4 – Expert

You can change organisational structures to fixable and sustainable designs. You can lead on the strategy for the whole organisation, marrying business needs with innovative analysis. You can make and justify decisions characterised by high levels of risk, impact and complexity. You can build consensus between organisations (private or public) or highly independent stakeholders. You can solve and unblock issues between teams or departments at the highest level. You can understand the psychology of a team and have strong mediation skills. You can coach the organisation on team dynamics and conflict resolution.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Modern standards approach (frontend developer)

You can apply a modern standards approach throughout development, automation and testing.

4 – Expert

You can demonstrate a strong understanding of the most appropriate modern standards and practices, and how they are applied. You can coach and guide others in these standards.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Programming and build (frontend developer)

You can use agreed standards and specifications to design, create, test and document new software, or to make changes to existing software.

4 – Expert

You can advise on the right way to apply standards and methods to ensure compliance. You can provide technical advice to stakeholders and set team-based standards for programming tools and techniques. You can collaborate with others when required to review specifications. You can use specifications to build, test and document user interfaces of high complexity, using the appropriate standards and tools.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Prototyping

You can apply technical knowledge and experience to create or design workable prototypes, both programs and physical outputs. You can understand parameters, restrictions and synergies.

3 – Practitioner

You can approach prototyping as a team activity, actively soliciting prototypes and testing with others. You can establish design patterns and iterate them. You can use a variety of prototyping methods and choose the most appropriate.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Strategic thinking

You can take an overall perspective on business issues, events and activities, and discuss their wider implications and long-term impact. You can determine patterns, standards, policies, roadmaps and vision statements. You can effectively focus on outcomes rather than solutions and activities.

4 – Expert

You can lead the design and implementation of strategy, directing the evaluation of strategies and policies to ensure business requirements are being met.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Systems design (frontend developer)

You can design system components which meet business needs. You can solve problems and understand technical and business complexity.

3 – Practitioner

You can translate agreed designs into working user interfaces following modern standards. You can manage and document technical complexity to make sure work is easily maintained and reusable. You can work with well-understood technology and can identify appropriate patterns to make effective use of technologies’ best features.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Systems integration (frontend developer)

You can integrate and test user interfaces, systems and programme components.

3 – Practitioner

You can define the static assets build. You can co-ordinate all aspects of the integration and take responsibility for the tests around the user interface. You can configure the part of the system that uses the network and test that it works as expected.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – User focus (frontend developer)

You can understand users and identify who they are and what their needs are, based on evidence. You can translate user stories and propose design approaches or services to meet these needs. You can engage in meaningful interactions and relationships with users. You can show that you put users first and can manage competing priorities.

3 – Practitioner

You can collaborate with user researchers and interaction designers to represent user needs internally. You can explain the difference between user needs and the desires of the user. You champion user research to focus on all users. You can effectively prioritise and define approaches to understand the user story, guiding others to do so. You can offer recommendations on the best tools and methods to use.

DDaT » Software Development –

Software Development – Web performance optimisation

You can understand how web performance can impact users. You can solve problems to improve performance. You can use different sources of data to monitor and identify performance issues.

3 – Practitioner

You can identify and fix web performance issues. You can collect data from various tools to monitor and fix web performance issues. You can understand that poor web performance has a negative effect on user experience. You can offer guidance on the best tools and methods to use.

This job role profile was created in collaboration with BCS, using Role Model Plus. BCS is the professional body that has the responsibility of updating this job family.

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